Movement and time perception within linguistic and non-linguistic domain / Ivan Tomić, Mirjana Tonković, Dragutin Ivanec. - str.
The conceptual metaphor theory postulates that people represent abstract concepts such as power, affect, importance or time by borrowing information from domains that are rich with sensory and motor experiences (i.e., the concrete domains). This reasoning is best advocated by evidence coming from language expressions. For example, people generally describe experience of time using language tied to spatial concepts (e.g. "short lunch", "long trip", etc.). Moreover, besides the observed semantic overlap between space and time domains, prior studies have empirically supported a notion that perception of time is rooted in perception of space. In two experiments, we tested predictions about space and time perception dependency. In the first experiment, we examined the influence of non- linguistic, visually presented information of movement on the time perception. A randomly moving dot was presented on the screen for a fixed time interval, while the distance that the dot traveled was manipulated. We predicted that participants (N = 68) would estimate time intervals as being longer in situations when the dot traveled a greater distance. In the second experiment, the same hypothesis was tested using verbal material. Participants (N = 76) read either ”static” or “moving” version of a story about the interaction of two people. While the content of the story was held equivalent, verbs describing movements were manipulated to imply different distances covered by the main character in the story. Similar to the first experiment, we predicted that participants would estimate time sequences as longer when the story implied that action took place over a greater spatial range. Using these methods we observed the effects of movement comprehension on time perception. Results will be discussed within grounded cognition framework and conceptual metaphor theory in particular.
Tonković, Mirjana ; Ivanec, Dragutin ;