A room with an overview: the effects of schematic processing, mood and exposure duration on memory accuracy / Andrea Vranić, Mirjana Tonkovic, Blaž Rebernjak, Ivan Tomić. - str.
Studies often posit the processing dichotomy of positive vs. negative affect – people in a negative mood tend to process information in a more systematic manner while those in a positive mood tend to adopt a more heuristic, schema-directed processing style. A 3 (mood: negative vs. neutral vs. positive) x 2 (exposure duration: one vs. five minutes) x 2 (schema-consistent vs. schema-inconsistent items) experiment design was employed in a real-life setting, and using an incidental learning paradigm, to test recognition memory for objects in a typical office. A sample of 99 students (aged 18 to 30, 58.6% female) participated in the study. Following the affect-as-information approach, we hypothesized that induced positive mood will lead participants to engage in a more schema-directed processing leading to less accurate memory, while inducing negative mood will lead to a more analytic and detailed processing, leading to higher memory accuracy and fewer memory errors. Results revealed significant effect of duration indicating that participants made more schema-consistent errors when their stay in the office was shorter. Significant interaction of mood and exposure duration suggests that effect of the exposure on memory accuracy applies for people in negative and neutral mood, while people in positive mood tend to maintain schema-directed processing style for longer period of time.
Tonković, Mirjana ; Rebernjak, Blaž ; Tomić, Ivan ;