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Universal Features of Personality Traits from the Observer’ s Perspective: Data from 50 Cultures / McCrae, Robert ; Terraciano, Antonio ; Bratko, Denis ; Marušić, Iris.

By: McCrae, Robert.
Contributor(s): Terraciano, Antonio [aut] | Marušić, Iris [aut] | Bratko, Denis [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 547-561 str.Subject(s): 5.06 | personality, five-factor model, cross-cultural hrv | personality, five-factor model, cross-cultural eng In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88(3) (2005), str. 547-561Summary: To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-age man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11, 985 targets using the third-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures, and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for three factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and very slow changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.
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To test hypotheses about the universality of personality traits, college students in 50 cultures identified an adult or college-age man or woman whom they knew well and rated the 11, 985 targets using the third-person version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Factor analyses within cultures showed that the normative American self-report structure was clearly replicated in most cultures, and was recognizable in all. Sex differences replicated earlier self-report results, with the most pronounced differences in Western cultures. Cross-sectional age differences for three factors followed the pattern identified in self-reports, with moderate rates of change during college age and very slow changes after age 40. With a few exceptions, these data support the hypothesis that features of personality traits are common to all human groups.

Projekt MZOS 0130484

ENG

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