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IL-12 concentrations in the aqueous humor and serum of diabetic retinopathy patients / Gverović Antunica, Antonela ; Karaman, Ksenija ; Znaor, Ljubo ; Sapunar, Ada ; Buško, Vesna ; Puzović, Velibor.

By: Gverović Antunica, Antonela.
Contributor(s): Karaman, Ksenija [aut] | Znaor, Ljubo [aut] | Sapunar, Ada [aut] | Puzović, Velibor [aut] | Buško, Vesna [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 815-821 str.Subject(s): 3.01 | 3.02 | Interleukin 12, Cytokine, Diabetic retinopathy, Aqueous humor, Serum hrv | Interleukin 12, Cytokine, Diabetic retinopathy, Aqueous humor, Serum engOnline resources: Elektronička verzija članka In: Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology 250 (2012), 6 ; str. 815-821Summary: Background Previous studies suggest that inflammation plays an important part in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Cytokines may have a role in both positive and negative control of immunological reactions. Among many cytokines, interleukin 12 (IL-12) is known to be a strong pro-inflammatory cytokine. Methods A total of 76 participants were enrolled in this study and classified into four groups: 23 diabetic patients with non-treated retinopathy, 17 diabetic patients with treated retinopathy, 12 diabetic patients without retinopathy, and 24 healthy control patients. Serum and aqueous humor samples were taken for the analysis of IL-12 concentration. Results The aqueous humor IL-12 concentration was significantly elevated in the patients with non-treated diabetic retinopathy (χ2(3, n  = 76) = 27.137 ; p < 0.001). No significant differences in IL-12 serum concentrations between the groups were found (F =  0.405, p = 0.750). Correlation analysis of IL-12 concentrations in the serum and aqueous humor showed a linear association between the two variables only in non-diabetic patients (p  = 0.003). Conclusions This is the first study to show a significantly higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-12 in the aqueous humor of non-treated diabetic retinopathy patients in comparison with diabetic patients treated for retinopathy, without retinopathy, or with healthy individuals. Because the serum levels of IL-12 did not differ considerably between the studied groups, it is plausible that this is due to its local production and secretion.
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Background Previous studies suggest that inflammation plays an important part in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Cytokines may have a role in both positive and negative control of immunological reactions. Among many cytokines, interleukin 12 (IL-12) is known to be a strong pro-inflammatory cytokine. Methods A total of 76 participants were enrolled in this study and classified into four groups: 23 diabetic patients with non-treated retinopathy, 17 diabetic patients with treated retinopathy, 12 diabetic patients without retinopathy, and 24 healthy control patients. Serum and aqueous humor samples were taken for the analysis of IL-12 concentration. Results The aqueous humor IL-12 concentration was significantly elevated in the patients with non-treated diabetic retinopathy (χ2(3, n  = 76) = 27.137 ; p < 0.001). No significant differences in IL-12 serum concentrations between the groups were found (F =  0.405, p = 0.750). Correlation analysis of IL-12 concentrations in the serum and aqueous humor showed a linear association between the two variables only in non-diabetic patients (p  = 0.003). Conclusions This is the first study to show a significantly higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-12 in the aqueous humor of non-treated diabetic retinopathy patients in comparison with diabetic patients treated for retinopathy, without retinopathy, or with healthy individuals. Because the serum levels of IL-12 did not differ considerably between the studied groups, it is plausible that this is due to its local production and secretion.

Projekt MZOS 130-1301683-1402

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