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Ideološki stavovi većinske grupe u dvije višeetničke sredine / Margareta Jelić, Dinka Čorkalo Biruški, Dean Ajduković.

By: Jelić, Margareta.
Contributor(s): Čorkalo Biruški, Dinka [aut] | Ajduković, Dean [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 19-41 str.Other title: Ideological Attitudes of Majority Groups in Two Multiethnic Environments [Naslov na engleskom:].Subject(s): asimilacionizam, multikulturalnost, većinska grupa hrv | assimilationism, multiculturalism, majority group engOnline resources: Elektronička verzija članka (Hrčak) | Elektronička verzija članka (Repozitorij FF-a) In: Revija za socijalnu politiku 21 (2014), 1 ; str. 19-41Summary: Istraživanje se bavi aktualnom temom ispitivanja uloge socijalnog konteksta na formiranje stavova većinske grupe prema dvije temeljne orijentacije koje određuju odnose grupa u višeetničkim sredinama - prema multikulturno- sti i asimilacionizmu. Većina istraživanja u području međugrupnih stavova i ponašanja fokusira se na razlike između većinske i manjinske grupe, no rezultati provedenog istraživanja jasno pokazuju da etnička većina nije homogena u pogledu stavova koji se tiču asimilacionizma i multikulturne politike kako se obično podrazumijeva u literaturi. Usporedba ideoloških stavova većinske grupe u dvije višeetničke sredine u Hrvatskoj – Istri i Vukovaru - pokazala je da Hrvati u Istri imaju značajno pozitivniji stav prema multikulturnosti i negativniji prema asimilacionizmu od Hrvata u Vukovaru. Uz to, odrasle osobe u obje sredine su jače orijentirane prema multikulturnosti od njihove djece, a u Vukovaru i prema asimilaciji manjina, dok u Istri nije nađena razlika između odraslih i djece u stavu prema asimilaciji. Međutim, nije nađena samo razlika u izraženosti asimilacionizma i multikulturnosti, već su i odrednice tih dviju vrijednosnih orijentacija bitno drugačije u te dvije višeetničke sredine. Budući da se rezultati razlikuju i s obzirom na socijalnu ulogu sudionika, a ne samo sredinu, u budućim bi istraživanjima trebalo provjeriti ove nalaze vodeći računa o odabiru specifične manjinske grupe te široj operacionalizaciji asimilacionizma nego što je to školovanje pripadnika etničkih manjina i multikulturnosti. {HRV}Summary: The research deals with a relevant topic of analysing the role of social context in the formation of attitudes of the majority group towards two basic orientations that determine relations between groups in multiethnic environments - multiculturalism and assimilationism. Most research in the area of intergroup attitudes and behaviours is focused on the differences between minority and majority groups, but the results of the conducted research clearly show that ethnic majority is not homogenous with regard to attitudes towards assimilationism and multicultural policy as it is usually implied by literature. The comparison of ideological attitudes of majority groups in two multiethnic environments in Croatia - Istria and Vukovar - has shown that Croats in Istria have a far more positive attitude towards multiculturalism and a more negative attitude towards assimilationism than Croats in Vukovar. Furthermore, adults in both environments are more oriented towards multiculturalism than their children, in Vukovar also towards the assimilation of minorities, while in Istria no difference was established between adults and children with regard to their attitude towards assimilation. However, not only was a difference in the markedness of assimilationism and multiculturalism found, but the determinants of those two value orientations considerably differ in those two multiethnic environments. Since the results differ with regard to social role of stakeholders, and not only with regard to the environment, these findings should be verified in the future research bearing in mind the selection of a specific minority group and wider operationalization of assimilationism than it is the degree of education of the members of ethnic minorities and multiculturalism. [ENG]
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Istraživanje se bavi aktualnom temom ispitivanja uloge socijalnog konteksta na formiranje stavova većinske grupe prema dvije temeljne orijentacije koje određuju odnose grupa u višeetničkim sredinama - prema multikulturno-
sti i asimilacionizmu. Većina istraživanja u području međugrupnih stavova i ponašanja fokusira se na razlike između većinske i manjinske grupe, no rezultati provedenog istraživanja jasno pokazuju da etnička većina nije homogena
u pogledu stavova koji se tiču asimilacionizma i multikulturne politike kako se obično podrazumijeva u literaturi. Usporedba ideoloških stavova većinske grupe u dvije višeetničke sredine u Hrvatskoj – Istri i Vukovaru - pokazala je
da Hrvati u Istri imaju značajno pozitivniji stav prema multikulturnosti i negativniji prema asimilacionizmu od Hrvata u Vukovaru. Uz to, odrasle osobe u obje sredine su jače orijentirane prema multikulturnosti od njihove djece, a u Vukovaru i prema asimilaciji manjina, dok u Istri nije nađena razlika između odraslih i djece u stavu prema asimilaciji. Međutim, nije nađena samo razlika u izraženosti asimilacionizma i multikulturnosti, već su i odrednice tih dviju vrijednosnih orijentacija bitno drugačije u te dvije višeetničke sredine. Budući da se rezultati razlikuju i s obzirom na socijalnu ulogu sudionika, a ne samo sredinu, u budućim bi istraživanjima trebalo provjeriti ove nalaze vodeći računa o odabiru specifične manjinske grupe te široj operacionalizaciji asimilacionizma nego što je to školovanje pripadnika etničkih manjina i multikulturnosti. {HRV}

The research deals with a relevant topic of analysing the role of social context in the formation of attitudes of the majority group towards two basic orientations that determine relations between groups in multiethnic environments - multiculturalism and assimilationism. Most research in the area of intergroup attitudes and behaviours is focused on the differences between minority and majority groups, but the results of the conducted research clearly show that ethnic majority is not homogenous with regard to attitudes towards assimilationism and multicultural policy as it is usually implied by literature. The comparison of ideological attitudes of majority groups in two multiethnic environments in Croatia - Istria and Vukovar - has shown that Croats in Istria have a far more positive attitude towards multiculturalism and a more negative attitude towards assimilationism than Croats in Vukovar. Furthermore, adults in both environments are more oriented towards multiculturalism than their children, in Vukovar also towards the assimilation of minorities, while in Istria no difference was established between adults and children with regard to their attitude towards assimilation. However, not only was a difference in the markedness of assimilationism and multiculturalism found, but the determinants of those two value orientations considerably differ in those two multiethnic environments. Since the results differ with regard to social role of stakeholders, and not only with regard to the environment, these findings should be verified in the future research bearing in mind the selection of a specific minority group and wider operationalization of assimilationism than it is the degree of education of the members of ethnic minorities and multiculturalism. [ENG]

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