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Perceived group victimization and discrimination among youth in a post-conflict community: the mediating role of ethnic upbringing practices and interethnic insecurity / Marina Štambuk, Laura Taylor, Ajana Löw, Dinka Čorkalo Biruški, Christine Merrilees, Dean Ajduković, Mark Cummings.

By: Štambuk, Marina.
Contributor(s): Taylor, Laura [aut] | Löw, Ajana [aut] | Čorkalo Biruški, Dinka [aut] | Merrilees, Christine [aut] | Ajduković, Dean [aut] | Cummings, Mark [aut].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleDescription: .Other title: Perceived group victimization and discrimination among youth in a post-conflict community: The mediating role of ethnic upbringing practices and interethnic insecurity [Naslov na engleskom:].Subject(s): 5.06 | youth perception of in-group victimization; ethnic upbringing practices; youth interethnic insecurity; discriminatory tendencies; perceived in-group discrimination | youth perception of in-group victimization; ethnic upbringing practices; youth interethnic insecurity; discriminatory tendencies; perceived in-group discrimination In: International Society of Political Psychology Annual ConferenceAbstract: Links between perceived in-group victimization and discrimination are well-documented. However, the mediating mechanisms are little understood, especially among youth and in a context of a post-conflict ethnic divide. Building upon Social Identity Theory and the Integrated Threat Theory we propose two mechanisms for in explaining the link between in-group victimization and discriminationory tendencies: the ethnic upbringing within a family that makes ethnicity a salient and relevant social cue which also makes youth feeling more insecure or even threatened when encounter the outgroup. The present study was conducted in the city of Vukovar, Croatia. Participants (N = 225) were youth in the city of Vukovar, Croatia, aged 15.88 years (SD = 1.12) years old, and roughly split by gender (59% male) and ethnicity (51% Croat, 49% Serb). The questionnaire measuring perceived group victimization, ethnic upbringing practices, interethnic insecurity, tendency to discriminatorye tendencies, perceived in-group discrimination and sociodemographics was group administered. Serial mediation was conducted using MLE with bootstrapping, controlling for age, gender, and ethnicity (Croats/Serbs). Variables were entered as manifest scales ; perceived group victimization was exogenous, ethnic upbringing practices and interethnic insecurity were mediators, and perceived discrimination and tendency to discriminatory tendenciese were the outcomes. There were significant indirect effects for both perceived discrimination (CI: .002, .014) and tendency to discriminatory tendenciese (CI: .003, .013). The results showed that children who perceived their in-group as being more victimized during the war were more prone to discriminate the outgroup and also perceived more in-group discrimination. These relations were mediated by more intensive ethnic upbringing, and more insecurity that youth felt when encountering the outgroup.
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Links between perceived in-group victimization and discrimination are well-documented. However, the mediating mechanisms are little understood, especially among youth and in a context of a post-conflict ethnic divide. Building upon Social Identity Theory and the Integrated Threat Theory we propose two mechanisms for in explaining the link between in-group victimization and discriminationory tendencies: the ethnic upbringing within a family that makes ethnicity a salient and relevant social cue which also makes youth feeling more insecure or even threatened when encounter the outgroup. The present study was conducted in the city of Vukovar, Croatia. Participants (N = 225) were youth in the city of Vukovar, Croatia, aged 15.88 years (SD = 1.12) years old, and roughly split by gender (59% male) and ethnicity (51% Croat, 49% Serb). The questionnaire measuring perceived group victimization, ethnic upbringing practices, interethnic insecurity, tendency to discriminatorye tendencies, perceived in-group discrimination and sociodemographics was group administered. Serial mediation was conducted using MLE with bootstrapping, controlling for age, gender, and ethnicity (Croats/Serbs). Variables were entered as manifest scales ; perceived group victimization was exogenous, ethnic upbringing practices and interethnic insecurity were mediators, and perceived discrimination and tendency to discriminatory tendenciese were the outcomes. There were significant indirect effects for both perceived discrimination (CI: .002, .014) and tendency to discriminatory tendenciese (CI: .003, .013). The results showed that children who perceived their in-group as being more victimized during the war were more prone to discriminate the outgroup and also perceived more in-group discrimination. These relations were mediated by more intensive ethnic upbringing, and more insecurity that youth felt when encountering the outgroup.

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