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Prehistoric massacre revealed. Perimortem cranial trauma from Potočani, Croatia / Janković, Ivor ; Balen, Jacqueline ; Ahern, James C.M. ; Premužić, Zrinka ; Čavka, Mislav ; Potrebica, Hrvoje ; Novak, Mario.

By: Janković, Ivor.
Contributor(s): Balen, Jacqueline [aut] | Ahern, James C.M [aut] | Premužić, Zrinka [aut] | Čavka, Mislav [aut] | Potrebica, Hrvoje [aut] | Novak, Mario [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 131-141 str.Other title: Prehistoric massacre revealed. Perimortem cranial trauma from Potočani, Croatia [Naslov na engleskom:].Subject(s): 3.01 | 6.07 | violence ; mass grave ; Prehistory ; injury ; Copper Age | violence ; mass grave ; Prehistory ; injury ; Copper AgeOnline resources: Elektronička verzija In: Anthropologischer anzeiger 74 (2017), 2 ; str. 131-141Summary: During archaeological rescue excavations carried out in 2007 at Potočani in continental Croatia, a pit containing numerous human skeletal remains (MNI = 41) was discovered. The remains were mostly articulated but also commingled and showed no clear pattern of organization. There were no associated artifacts, just a few pottery fragments probably belonging to the Copper Age Lasinja Culture (c. 4300 to 3950 BCE). Anthropological analyses suggest the presence of individuals of all ages and both sexes with many crania exhibiting various perimortem injuries. Three human bone samples from different layers were dated to around 4100 cal BCE by radiocarbon analysis. These radiocarbon dates combined with other aspects of archaeological context, indicate that the deposition was a single episode rather than a long-term accumulation. All this suggests a single violent encounter (massacre). Here we present results of the bioarchaeological analysis of four adult crania with clear signs of perimortem trauma. These include blunt force trauma as well as cuts and penetrating injuries indicating the use of different weapons/tools.
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During archaeological rescue excavations carried out in 2007 at Potočani in continental Croatia, a pit containing numerous human skeletal remains (MNI = 41) was discovered. The remains were mostly articulated but also commingled and showed no clear pattern of organization. There were no associated artifacts, just a few pottery fragments probably belonging to the Copper Age Lasinja Culture (c. 4300 to 3950 BCE). Anthropological analyses suggest the presence of individuals of all ages and both sexes with many crania exhibiting various perimortem injuries. Three human bone samples from different layers were dated to around 4100 cal BCE by radiocarbon analysis. These radiocarbon dates combined with other aspects of archaeological context, indicate that the deposition was a single episode rather than a long-term accumulation. All this suggests a single violent encounter (massacre). Here we present results of the bioarchaeological analysis of four adult crania with clear signs of perimortem trauma. These include blunt force trauma as well as cuts and penetrating injuries indicating the use of different weapons/tools.

Projekt MZOS projekt

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