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Društvena uloga radničkog narodnog sveučilišta “Moša Pijade” (RANS) / Galjer, Jasna ; Lončar, Sanja ; Rubić, Tihana.

By: Galjer, Jasna.
Contributor(s): Lončar, Sanja [aut] | Rubić, Tihana [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 17-26 str.Other title: The Social Role of Workers’ and People’s University of Moša Pijade (RANS) [Naslov na engleskom:].Subject(s): 2.01 | 6.05 | 6.08 | antropologija prostora i arhitekture ; antropologija grada ; društvena uloga ; društveno sjećanje ; javna sfera ; socijalistički modernizam ; POUZ ; RANS | anthropology of space and architecture ; POUZ ; public sphere RANS ; social memory ; socialist modernism ; social role ; urban anthropologyOnline resources: Sažetak In: Andragoški glasnik : Glasilo Hrvatskog andragoškog društva 22 (2018), 1 ; str. 17-26Summary: Tema istraživanja je povezivanje arhitekture i njezine društvene namjene na primjeru Radničkog narodnog sveučilišta “Moša Pijade” (RANS), danas Pučkog otvorenog učilišta Zagreb (POUZ). Polazeći od teze o specifičnim odnosima arhitekture ideološkog i kulturnog okvira, nastoji se sveobuhvatno pristupiti analizi i interpretaciji kompleksne arhitektonske, urbanističke i društvene uloge ove ustanove te time doprinijeti njenoj valorizaciji u nacionalnom i međunarodnom kontekstu. Težište je na inovativnosti arhitektonskog koncepta, funkcije i društvene uloge, koje se istražuju interdisciplinarno, pristupima povijesti umjetnosti, arhitekture i urbanizma te etnologije i kulturne antropologije. Pritom se kao interpretacijski okvir koriste teorije arhitekture i dizajna, antropologije prostora i arhitekture, antropologije rada i obrazovanja. Polazišta za istraživanje je analiza odnosa arhitekture i društva, odnosno argumentiranje teze o specifičnostima društveno angažirane arhitektonske produkcije. Analizom i usporedbom dosadašnjih prikaza povijesti i značaja ustanove, podataka iz narativnih izvora (intervjua), te uvidom u teorijske i metodološke mogućnosti koje pružaju etnološki i kulturnoantropološki pristupi prostoru i arhitekturi - ukazat će se na oblikovanje i promjene značenja i vrijednosti koje se vezuju uz građevinu ; primjerice simboliku i poruke koje su se u upisivale u zgradu, komunikaciju i razmjenu znanja na koju je zgrada poticala, sentimentalne odnose koje se prema zgradi stvarali zaposlenici i posjetitelji. Propitat će se sociokulturne kategorije i odnos kulture i (g)rada u raznim razdobljima djelovanja ustanove – kompleksan odnos zaposlenika, korisnika, programa, dizajniranog arhitektonskog okruženja i danog političkog, ekonomskog i društvenog konteksta.Summary: The paper investigates the link between architecture and its social purpose, with a specific focus on the institution known today as Public Open University Zagreb (POUZ) and previously also as the Workers’ and People’s University of Moša Pijade (RANS). Given the specific relationship between the ideological and cultural framework of architecture, this is the comprehensive attempt to analyse and interpret the complex architectural, urbanistic and social role of this institution. The paper is thus intended to contribute to the regard the institution is held in both nationally and globally. The focus is on the innovative character of the architectural concept, function and social role. An interdisciplinary approach is taken, encompassing the fields of art history, architecture and urbanism, as well as ethnology and cultural anthropology. The interpretational framework employs the theories of architecture and design, anthropology of space and of architecture, and anthropology of work and of education. The paper begins with an analysis of the relationship between architecture and society; i.e., the characteristics of socially engaged architectural production are described. Overviews of the history and significance of RANS are analysed and compared, as are narrative data sources (interviews). This, in addition to the theoretical and methodological insights afforded by ethnology and cultural anthropology approaches to space and architecture, will demonstrate how the significance and symbolic values ascribed to the RANS building were shaped and modified through time. These include, for instance, the exchange of ideas and knowledge which the building prompted, as well as the emotional attachments to the building forged by its employees and visitors. The paper also examines the sociocultural categories and the relationship between culture and the city (and work) in the variety of periods since the institution was founded. This is a complex relationship between employees, users, programmes and the designed architectural environment on the one hand, and the political, economic and social context on the other.
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Tema istraživanja je povezivanje arhitekture i njezine društvene namjene na primjeru Radničkog narodnog sveučilišta “Moša Pijade” (RANS), danas Pučkog otvorenog učilišta Zagreb (POUZ). Polazeći od teze o specifičnim odnosima arhitekture ideološkog i kulturnog okvira, nastoji se sveobuhvatno pristupiti analizi i interpretaciji kompleksne arhitektonske, urbanističke i društvene uloge ove ustanove te time doprinijeti njenoj valorizaciji u nacionalnom i međunarodnom kontekstu. Težište je na inovativnosti arhitektonskog koncepta, funkcije i društvene uloge, koje se istražuju interdisciplinarno, pristupima povijesti umjetnosti, arhitekture i urbanizma te etnologije i kulturne antropologije. Pritom se kao interpretacijski okvir koriste teorije arhitekture i dizajna, antropologije prostora i arhitekture, antropologije rada i obrazovanja. Polazišta za istraživanje je analiza odnosa arhitekture i društva, odnosno argumentiranje teze o specifičnostima društveno angažirane arhitektonske produkcije. Analizom i usporedbom dosadašnjih prikaza povijesti i značaja ustanove, podataka iz narativnih izvora (intervjua), te uvidom u teorijske i metodološke mogućnosti koje pružaju etnološki i kulturnoantropološki pristupi prostoru i arhitekturi - ukazat će se na oblikovanje i promjene značenja i vrijednosti koje se vezuju uz građevinu ; primjerice simboliku i poruke koje su se u upisivale u zgradu, komunikaciju i razmjenu znanja na koju je zgrada poticala, sentimentalne odnose koje se prema zgradi stvarali zaposlenici i posjetitelji. Propitat će se sociokulturne kategorije i odnos kulture i (g)rada u raznim razdobljima djelovanja ustanove – kompleksan odnos zaposlenika, korisnika, programa, dizajniranog arhitektonskog okruženja i danog političkog, ekonomskog i društvenog konteksta.

The paper investigates the link between architecture and its social purpose, with a specific focus on the institution known today as Public Open University Zagreb (POUZ) and previously also as the Workers’ and People’s University of Moša Pijade (RANS). Given the specific relationship between the ideological and cultural framework of architecture, this is the comprehensive attempt to analyse and interpret the complex architectural, urbanistic and social role of this institution. The paper is thus intended to contribute to the regard the institution is held in both nationally and globally. The focus is on the innovative character of the architectural concept, function and social role. An interdisciplinary approach is taken, encompassing the fields of art history, architecture and urbanism, as well as ethnology and cultural anthropology. The interpretational framework employs the theories of architecture and design, anthropology of space and of architecture, and anthropology of work and of education. The paper begins with an analysis of the relationship between architecture and society; i.e., the characteristics of socially engaged architectural production are described. Overviews of the history and significance of RANS are analysed and compared, as are narrative data sources (interviews). This, in addition to the theoretical and methodological insights afforded by ethnology and cultural anthropology approaches to space and architecture, will demonstrate how the significance and symbolic values ascribed to the RANS building were shaped and modified through time. These include, for instance, the exchange of ideas and knowledge which the building prompted, as well as the emotional attachments to the building forged by its employees and visitors. The paper also examines the sociocultural categories and the relationship between culture and the city (and work) in the variety of periods since the institution was
founded. This is a complex relationship between employees, users, programmes and the designed architectural environment on the one hand, and the political, economic and social context on the other.

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