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Implicit Association Test for Aggressiveness: further evidence of validity and resistance to desirable responding / Maja Parmač Kovačić, Zvonimir Galić, Mitja Ružojčić.

By: Parmač Kovačić, Maja.
Contributor(s): Galić, Zvonimir [aut] | Ružojčić, Mitja [aut].
Material type: ArticleArticleDescription: 95-103 str.Other title: Implicit Association Test for Aggressiveness: Further evidence of validity and resistance to desirable responding [Naslov na engleskom:].Subject(s): 5.06 | Implicit personality ; Explicit personality ; Implicit Association Test ; Aggressiveness ; Socially desirable responding | Implicit personality ; Explicit personality ; Implicit Association Test ; Aggressiveness ; Socially desirable respondingOnline resources: Elektronička verzija In: Personality and individual differences 129 (2018) ; str. 95-103Abstract: This paper reports the results of three interrelated studies investigating the validity and resistance to desirable responding of the Implicit Association Test for Aggressiveness (IAT-A). In Studies 1 and 2, we tested its validity by correlating it with an established explicit measure of aggressiveness, the conceptually closest measure of socially desirable responding (SDR), and various aggression-related criteria in two large samples of participants. The results supported the validity of IAT-A. It had satisfactory reliability, it was non-significantly or weakly related to an explicit measure of aggressiveness and unrelated to the SDR measure, and it explained different aggression- related behaviors over and above the explicit aggressiveness measure. In Study 3, we examined the IAT-A's susceptibility to deliberate response distortion by comparing the IAT-A and self-reported aggressiveness between situations of honest responding and simulated personnel selection. The results revealed that the IAT-A is less susceptible to deliberate response distortion than the self-report measure of explicit aggressiveness. The mean result on the IAT-A was almost identical between the two response situations, whereas for the self- report measure of aggressiveness, participants scored significantly lower in the simulated selection situation. Altogether, the results suggest that IAT-A is a valid and potentially useful implicit aggressiveness measure.
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This paper reports the results of three interrelated studies investigating the validity and resistance to desirable responding of the Implicit Association Test for Aggressiveness (IAT-A). In Studies 1 and 2, we tested its validity by correlating it with an established explicit measure of aggressiveness, the conceptually closest measure of socially desirable responding (SDR), and various aggression-related criteria in two large samples of participants. The results supported the validity of IAT-A. It had satisfactory reliability, it was non-significantly or weakly related to an explicit measure of aggressiveness and unrelated to the SDR measure, and it explained different aggression- related behaviors over and above the explicit aggressiveness measure. In Study 3, we examined the IAT-A's susceptibility to deliberate response distortion by comparing the IAT-A and self-reported aggressiveness between situations of honest responding and simulated personnel selection. The results revealed that the IAT-A is less susceptible to deliberate response distortion than the self-report measure of explicit aggressiveness. The mean result on the IAT-A was almost identical between the two response situations, whereas for the self- report measure of aggressiveness, participants scored significantly lower in the simulated selection situation. Altogether, the results suggest that IAT-A is a valid and potentially useful implicit aggressiveness measure.

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